Carson McCullers, Carl Van Vechten, photographer, July 31, 1959.
Creative Americans: Portraits（画像，肖像） by Van Vechten, 1932-1964
Novelist Carson McCullers, noted1 for her exploration of the dilemmas2 of modern American life in the context of（在……情况下） the twentieth-century South, was born on February 19, 1917, in Columbus, Georgia.
Her most famous novel,The Heart is a Lonely Hunter, published in 1940, delves3 into the "lonely hearts" of four individuals—an adolescent girl, an embittered4（愤怒的，怨恨的） radical5, a black physician, and a widower6（鳏夫） who owns a cafe—struggling to find their way in a Southern mill town during the Great Depression.
McCullers' writing was shaped by her childhood in Columbus, Georgia. Located at the falls of the Chattahoochee River in the western part of the state, Columbus boasted（自夸） a thriving（旺盛的，繁荣的） textile（纺织品） industry, powered by the river, as early as 1840. During the Civil War, it was an important supply center for the Confederacy and the site of the last major battle east of the Mississippi. Columbus remains7 one of the largest textile centers in the South.
"As the Chattahoochee（查特胡奇河） crosses the fall line（瀑布线） at Columbus, Georgia, it falls 125 feet within 2 1/2 miles producing a potential energy of between 66,000 and 99,000 horsepower. That water power made Columbus one of the leading industrial centers within the South, attracting investors8 and entrepreneurs. As early as 1828 the river powered a grist mill（谷物磨粉机） and by the 1840s it supplied power for several textile mills. By 1880 Muscogee h. p. per sq. mile was greater than any other county south of New York. Conversion9 of that power to electricity began with arc lighting10 in 1880."