In Beijing, they are most commonly stuffed with a candied or dried jujube, the dried Chinese red date. Some zongzi are left plain, to be dipped into sugar. Other places in North China replace glutinous1 rice with glutinous yellow millet2, and these days, some folks replace white glutinous rice with purple rice.
北京粽子通常会以dried Chinese red date（红枣）作馅，有些粽子本身不加调料，吃的时候蘸糖吃。华北一些地方的人用glutinous yellow millet（黄黍）代替糯米来制作粽子，还有一些地方的人用的是紫米。
In some parts of Guangdong and Fujian provinces, and Guangxi Zhuang autonomous3 region, people soak the glutinous rice in alkaline water, which gives the rice a honey-colored glaze4 and a softer texture5.
People in Sichuan province make a spicy6 zongzi with chili7 powder and preserved pork while in Suzhou, Jiangsu province, the locals put a piece of pork fat into the dumpling to give it a special aroma8.
四川人用chili powder（辣椒粉）和preserved pork（腌猪肉）来包一种“辣粽”，而在江苏的苏州，当地人会在粽子里包进一块pork fat（猪油），让粽子吃起来更香。
In Hainan, zongzi are wrapped in banana leaves, while dumplings on the mainland are wrapped in either bamboo or reed leaves.
在海南，粽子是用banana leaves（芭蕉叶）来包的，而大陆的粽子是用bamboo leaves（竹叶）或reed leaves（芦苇叶）来包裹的。
Over on the island of Taiwan, zongzi are made with fried glutinous rice and fried pork, as well as bamboo shoots, dried mushroom and dried bean curd9.
But the most famous zongzi in China are those from Zhejiang's Huzhou and Jiaxing, and these have become the national standard.
In Huzhou, salty zongzi are made with fresh pork flavored with soy sauce, while sweet zongzi are made with jujube or red bean paste, with a piece of pork fat added to make the paste even more aromatic10.
Jiaxing zongzi use chicken and "eight treasure" stuffing, as well as the more common red bean paste and preserved duck egg yolk11.
But fresh pork zongzi is the most popular.
The meat is taken from the hock and marinated with sugar, salt, soy sauce and baijiu (Chinese liquor) to give it plenty of flavor. It is then wrapped in bamboo leaf and boiled.
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