自考“英语(一)”笔记 七十
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(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
  Text A    You Can't DO It Because It Hurts Nobody

  本课主要单词

  1. tough adj. 强壮的;粗暴的;老的;艰苦的

  1) The tough mountaineer succeeded in getting to the top of the mountain.

  (那位强壮的登山运动员成功地登上了山顶。)

  2)Camels are tough and hardy1 creatures. (骆驼是能吃苦耐劳的动物。)

  3)Those tough law-breaking youngsters should be dealt with seriously. (应该严肃对待那些无法无天的青少年。)

  4)She complained about the tough steak.(她抱怨牛排太老。)

  5)They had a tough time during the war. (战争期间她们苦熬度日。)

  6)He'll be tough on you if you bother him. (如果你麻烦他,他会对你不客气。)

  7)It was tough to get a satisfactory job.(找一份令人满意的工作很不容易。)

  2. crime n. 罪;罪行

  criminal n. 罪犯  adj. 犯罪的;刑事的

  1)He committed a crime against the security of the state. (他犯了危害国家安全罪。)

  2)It is a crime to waste so much food. (浪费那么多食物是一种罪过。)

  3)The president is determined2 to bring down the crime rate. (总统下决心使犯罪率下降。)

  4)The wanted criminal had no place to hide. (被通缉的罪犯无处可藏。)

  5)The man was found to have a criminal record.(那人被发现有犯罪记录。)

  6)The criminal police are working on a major case. (刑警队在着手一起大案。)

  3. drunk adj. 醉的

  1)He was so drunk that he could not walk. (他醉得路都走不起来了。)

  2)He was charged with drunk driving. (他被指控酒后驾车。)

  3)The young man was drunk with success. (那个年青人因为成功而喝醉了。)

  4. custom n. 习惯;风俗

  customs n. 海关

  customary adj. 习惯上的

  1)It is her custom to go for a walk every morning. (她惯常每天早上去散步。)

  2)They didn't know much about the customs of the country they were going to visit.

  (对他们将要访问的那个国家的风俗习惯他们了解得不多。)

  3)It won't take you long to pass the customs. (通过海关检查不会花你们太多时间。)

  4)It is customary to exchange gifts at Christmas. (圣诞节时人们互赠礼物是一种习俗。)

  5. admit v. 承认;准许进入

  admission n. 承认;准许进入

  1)He admitted his guilt3 to the police. (他向警方承认犯罪。)

  2)The boy admitted to his teacher that he was wrong. (那男孩向老师承认自己错了。)

  3)There were no windows to admit air. (没有窗子可使空气流入。)

  4)David was admitted into the school basketball team. (大卫被纳为篮球队的队员。)

  5)None of them admitted to cheating on exams.(他们都不承认考试作弊。)

  6)She admitted to having a strong like for light beer. (她承认自己很喜欢淡啤酒。)

  7)His admission that he had committed the theft proved John's innocence4.

  (他承认偷窃,从而证明了约翰的清白。)

  8)He was refused admission into the club. (他未获准加入俱乐部。)

  9)Admission to the park is free. (公园免费进入。)

  请注意下面几组词,找出其构词的规律:

  admit / admission emit / emission5

  transmit / transmission submit / submission6

  6. tape n. 磁带  v. 用带子捆扎;用胶布封住;把…录于

  1)The teacher asked us to listen to English tapes when we had time. (老师让我们有空时听英语磁带。)

  2)She spent a whole morning taping the presents.(她花了一个上午的时间捆扎礼物。)

  3)As there was nobody at home, he taped a note to the door.(因为家中无人,他便用胶布把一张字条粘贴在门上。)

  4)The robber taped the watchman's mouth. (抢劫犯用胶布封住守门人的嘴。)

  5)He taped the conversation secretly. (他偷偷把谈话用磁带录了下来。)

  7. jail n. 监狱

  1)He was put into jail for armed robbery. (他因武装抢劫被送进了监狱。)

  2)The young man escaped from jail. (那个年轻人逃出了监狱。)

  3)He was sentenced to two weeks in jail. (他被判监禁两周。)

  8. fatal adj. 致命的;重大的

  fatality7 n. 死亡者;死亡事故

  1)He received a fatal wound in the battle. (他在战斗中受了致命伤。)

  2)The fatal eruption8 of the volcano caused unimaginable losses. (火山毁灭性的喷发造成了难以想像的损失。)

  3)Mutual trust is fatal to friendship. (相互信任对于友谊来说不可或缺。)

  4)The accident caused several fatalities9. (事故造成数人死亡。)

  5)They are trying to reduce the fatality of heart disease. (他们正努力降低心脏病的致命性。)

  9. threaten v. 威胁

  在前一单元中,我们学习了名词threat,-en是个动词后缀,加在名词或形容词的后面可以构成动词,如:

  1)加在名词后面:heighten, lengthen10, hasten

  2)加在形容词后面:shorten, brighten, quicken

  10. tolerate v. 忍受;宽恕

  tolerant adj. 容忍的

  tolerance11 n. 忍受;宽容;忍耐力

  1)I cannot tolerate his dishonesty. (我不能容忍他的不诚实。)

  2)We will not tolerate their distorting the fact. (我们不会容忍他们歪曲事实。)

  3)He is tolerant of different opinions. (他能容忍不同意见。)

  4)These plants are tolerant of extreme heat. (这些植物能耐酷热。)

  5)My tolerance of your impoliteness is limited. (我对你的无礼的忍耐是有限的。)

  11. limit n. 限制    v. 限制

  limited adj. 有限的

  1)She had reached the limit of her patience. (她已到了忍无可忍的地步。)

  2)He was fined for exceeding the speed limit. (他因超过车速限制而被罚款。)

  3)Try to limit your talk to 5 minutes. (请尽量把话在五分钟内说完。)

  4)He limited himself to 10 cigarettes a day. (他限定自己一天抽10支烟。)

  5)We must make good use of the limited resources. (我们必须好好利用有限的资源。)

  6)Time is limited, we have to step here today. (时间有限,我们今天只能讲到这儿。)

  off limits 禁止进入

  within limits 适度的;在一定范围内

  without limit 无限制地

  12. celebrate v. 庆祝

  celebration n. 庆祝

  1)We'll go to celebrate grandma’s 70th birthday this weekend. (这个周末我们去庆祝祖母70岁生日。)

  2)They are singing and dancing to celebrate their victory. (他们唱歌、跳舞庆祝胜利。)

  3)The birthday celebration will be held at home. (生日庆典将在家举行。)

  4)The celebration of Chinese New Year used to include a display of fireworks. (过去中国新年庆典包括放焰火。)

  13. anonymous12 adj. 匿名的

  an是一个前缀,用在元音字母或辅音h前,表示“非”,“没有”,“缺乏”,

  如:anarchy(无政府),anonym(匿名者)。

  onym是个词根,意思是name(名字),如antonym(反义词),synonym(同义词)

  -ous是一个形容词后缀,如dangerous, famous

  1)He was greatly disturbed by the anonymous letter. (匿名信令他极度不安。)

  2)The author wishes to remain anonymous. (作者不希望披露姓名。)

  14. cheat v. 欺骗;作弊    n. 骗子

  1)The old lady told the policeman that she had been cheated of all her savings13.(那位老太太告诉警察她被人骗取了她所有的积蓄。)

  2)He was cheated into believing that he was an adopted son. (他被骗得相信自己是个养子。)

  3)He said that many high school students cheated on exams. (他说许多中学生考试作弊。)

  4)The singer was said to have cheated on income taxes. (据说那位歌手在所得税上弄虚作假。)

  5)These drinks I've bought are a cheat, they taste so strange. (我买的这些饮料间冒牌货,味道很怪。)

  6)How could you be friends with these cheats? (你怎么能与骗子为友呢?)

  15. abstract a. 抽象的    n. 摘要    v. 提取;摘录…的要点

  1)He couldn't understand this abstract idea. (他不能理解这个抽象概念。)

  2)An abstract of this paper is needed. (需要有这篇论文的摘要。)

  3)He is abstracting a story for a book review. (他正在为一篇书评撰写故事梗概。)

  4)They are trying to abstract iron from ore. (他们正试图从矿石中提取铁。)



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 hardy EenxM     
adj.勇敢的,果断的,吃苦的;耐寒的
参考例句:
  • The kind of plant is a hardy annual.这种植物是耐寒的一年生植物。
  • He is a hardy person.他是一个能吃苦耐劳的人。
2 determined duszmP     
adj.坚定的;有决心的
参考例句:
  • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。
  • He determined to view the rooms behind the office.他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
3 guilt 9e6xr     
n.犯罪;内疚;过失,罪责
参考例句:
  • She tried to cover up her guilt by lying.她企图用谎言掩饰自己的罪行。
  • Don't lay a guilt trip on your child about schoolwork.别因为功课责备孩子而使他觉得很内疚。
4 innocence ZbizC     
n.无罪;天真;无害
参考例句:
  • There was a touching air of innocence about the boy.这个男孩有一种令人感动的天真神情。
  • The accused man proved his innocence of the crime.被告人经证实无罪。
5 emission vjnz4     
n.发出物,散发物;发出,散发
参考例句:
  • Rigorous measures will be taken to reduce the total pollutant emission.采取严格有力措施,降低污染物排放总量。
  • Finally,the way to effectively control particulate emission is pointed out.最后,指出有效降低颗粒排放的方向。
6 submission lUVzr     
n.服从,投降;温顺,谦虚;提出
参考例句:
  • The defeated general showed his submission by giving up his sword.战败将军缴剑表示投降。
  • No enemy can frighten us into submission.任何敌人的恐吓都不能使我们屈服。
7 fatality AlfxT     
n.不幸,灾祸,天命
参考例句:
  • She struggle against fatality in vain.她徒然奋斗反抗宿命。
  • He began to have a growing sense of fatality.他开始有一种越来越强烈的宿命感。
8 eruption UomxV     
n.火山爆发;(战争等)爆发;(疾病等)发作
参考例句:
  • The temple was destroyed in the violent eruption of 1470 BC.庙宇在公元前1470年猛烈的火山爆发中摧毁了。
  • The eruption of a volcano is spontaneous.火山的爆发是自发的。
9 fatalities d08638a004766194f5b8910963af71d4     
n.恶性事故( fatality的名词复数 );死亡;致命性;命运
参考例句:
  • Several people were injured, but there were no fatalities. 有几个人受伤,但没有人死亡。
  • The accident resulted in fatalities. 那宗意外道致多人死亡。 来自《简明英汉词典》
10 lengthen n34y1     
vt.使伸长,延长
参考例句:
  • He asked the tailor to lengthen his coat.他请裁缝把他的外衣放长些。
  • The teacher told her to lengthen her paper out.老师让她把论文加长。
11 tolerance Lnswz     
n.宽容;容忍,忍受;耐药力;公差
参考例句:
  • Tolerance is one of his strengths.宽容是他的一个优点。
  • Human beings have limited tolerance of noise.人类对噪音的忍耐力有限。
12 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.无名的;匿名的;无特色的
参考例句:
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
13 savings ZjbzGu     
n.存款,储蓄
参考例句:
  • I can't afford the vacation,for it would eat up my savings.我度不起假,那样会把我的积蓄用光的。
  • By this time he had used up all his savings.到这时,他的存款已全部用完。
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