研究:蓝光对眼睛的伤害不可逆转
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2018-08-26 06:31 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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We all know that the blue light that emits from our smartphones isn't good for our eyes, but a new study has discovered just how much damage it can cause.
 
我们都知道智能手机发出的蓝光对眼睛有伤害,但一项最新研究解释了蓝光能造成的伤害程度。
 
Researchers say that this light is absorbed by vital molecules1 in our retina and triggers the production of a toxic2 chemical that kill cells.
 
This damage can lead to large blind spots in our vision that are the hallmark of macular degeneration, a disease that leads to blindness.
 
The team from the University of Toledo in Ohio says it is urging the public to not use phones in the dark because this can dilate3 pupils and lead to even more harmful blue light entering our eyes.
 
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss for those aged4 50 or older, according to the National Eye Institute.
 
The condition occurs when the macula, an oval area near the center of the retina that allows for sharp vision, becomes damaged.
 
Sufferers will experience blurred5 vision or even 'blind spots' in their central vision that may grow larger as the retina dies.


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1 molecules 187c25e49d45ad10b2f266c1fa7a8d49     
分子( molecule的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • The structure of molecules can be seen under an electron microscope. 分子的结构可在电子显微镜下观察到。
  • Inside the reactor the large molecules are cracked into smaller molecules. 在反应堆里,大分子裂变为小分子。
2 toxic inSwc     
adj.有毒的,因中毒引起的
参考例句:
  • The factory had accidentally released a quantity of toxic waste into the sea.这家工厂意外泄漏大量有毒废物到海中。
  • There is a risk that toxic chemicals might be blasted into the atmosphere.爆炸后有毒化学物质可能会进入大气层。
3 dilate YZdzp     
vt.使膨胀,使扩大
参考例句:
  • At night,the pupils dilate to allow in more light.到了晚上,瞳孔就会扩大以接收更多光线。
  • Exercise dilates blood vessels on the surface of the brain.运动会使大脑表层的血管扩张。
4 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陈年的
参考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
5 blurred blurred     
v.(使)变模糊( blur的过去式和过去分词 );(使)难以区分;模模糊糊;迷离
参考例句:
  • She suffered from dizziness and blurred vision. 她饱受头晕目眩之苦。
  • Their lazy, blurred voices fell pleasantly on his ears. 他们那种慢吞吞、含糊不清的声音在他听起来却很悦耳。 来自《简明英汉词典》
TAG标签: eyes light blue
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