When did we start walking for leisure? “散步” 的起源
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2024-03-28 02:35 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
  When did we start walking for leisure? “散步” 的起源
  近来,“citywalk(城市漫步)” 成为了一种广受人们欢迎的休闲方式。不论你身处城市还是乡间,出门散步都是一种有益于放松身心的活动。但散步作为一种消遣方式起初并没有被世界各地的人们所接受。本文介绍散步的起源以及它如何演变成为现代人的一项重要日常活动。
  词汇:walking 步行
  'Going for a walk' is a popular pastime among older and younger generations alike because of its well-known benefits for our physical and mental health. But you may be surprised to hear that meandering through pretty streets or hiking along mountainous ridges have not always been considered leisure activities, according to Daniel Gale, a researcher of pedestrianism.
  He says that in Britain, walking for fun "wasn't really a thing" until the 1780s. Before that, it was just something people did out of necessity, and some people associated it with criminal activity. But for Charles Dickens, the famous English 19th Century author, marching through London streets and tramping around the countryside was a big part of the creative process; a time to absorb what was going on around him. He walked at an impressive pace of four miles per hour, according to his biography by Peter Ackroyd.
  But if speed-walking isn't your thing, perhaps you can take inspiration from another big-thinking wanderer. 19th Century American writer Henry David Thoreau took a slower approach, preferring to saunter over hills and fields and meander through the woods. He said that he could not preserve his health and spirits, unless he spent four hours a day walking at least.
  This idea of taking a stroll to clear your head has survived through to the 21st Century, but has pedestrian etiquette remained the same? A 1780 article for the London Magazine advised pedestrians to avoid things such as loitering in conversation and obstructing people behind you with a "sauntering gait". Nowadays, we could probably add distracted phone-users to that list.
  In this modern age, when many of us are tied to our desks and to our screens, the simple act of stepping out onto the city pavements, or getting lost in nature, may make all the difference to our wellbeing. Whether you see yourself more as a casual stroller or a purposeful strider, why not build a habit out of it?
  go for a walk 散步
  pastime 消遣,娱乐
  meander 漫步,闲逛
  hike 远足
  leisure activity 休闲活动
  pedestrianism 徒步主义
  march 行走
  tramp 长途行走
  pace 步速
  speed-walking 快速行走
  wanderer 四处游走的人
  saunter 漫步,闲逛
  stroll 散步,溜达
  pedestrian etiquette 行人礼仪
  loiter 游荡,徘徊
  gait 步态,步法
  step out 走出去
  pavement 人行道
  stroller 散步的人
  strider 阔步行走的人