"Article 100 If a defendant5 is required to appear in court, but, having been served twice with summons, still refuses to do so without justified6 reason, the people's court may constrain7 him to appear in court by a peremptory8 writ9."
Article 101 Participants and other persons in the court proceedings shall abide10 by the court rules.
"If a person violates the court rules, the people's court may reprimand him, or order him to leave the courtroom, or impose a fine on or detain him."
"A person who seriously disrupts court order by making an uproar11 in the court or rushing at it, or insulting, slandering12, threatening, or assaulting the judicial13 officers, shall be investigated for criminal responsibility by the people's court according to the law; if the offence is a minor14 one, the offender15 may be detained or a fine imposed on him."
"Article 102 If a participant or any other person in the proceedings commits any one of the following acts, the people's court shall, according to the seriousness of the act, impose a fine on him or detain him; if the act constitutes a crime, the offender shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law."
"(1) forging or destroying important evidence, which would obstruct2 the trial of a case by the people's court; "
"(2) using violence, threats or subordination to prevent a witness from giving testimony16, or instigating17, suborning, or coercing18 others to commit perjury19; "
"(3) concealing20, transferring, selling or destroying property that has been sealed up or distrained, or property of which an inventory21 has been made and which has been put under his care according to court instruction, or transferring the property that has been frozen; "
"(4) insulting, slandering, incriminating with false charges, assaulting or maliciously22 retaliating23 against judicial officers or personnel, participants in the proceedings, witnesses, interpreters, evaluation24 experts, inspectors25, or personnel assisting in execution; "
"(5) using violence, threats or other means to hinder judicial officers or personnel from performing their duties; "
"With respect to a unit that commits any one of the acts specified27 above, the people's court may impose a fine on or detain its principal heads or the persons who are held actually responsible for the act; if the act constitutes a crime, investigations28 for criminal responsibility shall be made according to the law."
"Article 103 Where a unit which is under an obligation to assist in investigation29 and execution commits any one of the following acts, the people's court may, apart from enjoining30 it to perform its obligation, also impose a fine:"
" (2) refusing by banks, credit cooperatives or other units dealing32 with savings33 deposit, after receiving a notice for assistance in execution from the people's court, to assist in inquiring into, freezing or transferring the relevant deposit."
"(3) refusing by the unit concerned, after receiving a notice for assistance in execution from the people's court, to assist in withholding34 the income of the party subject to execution, in going through the formalities of transferring the relevant certificates of property rights or in transferring the relevant negotiable instruments, certificates, or other property; "
"With respect to a unit that commits any one of the acts specified above, the people's court may impose a fine on its principal heads or the persons who are held actually responsible for the act. "
The people's court may also put forward a judicial proposal to the supervisory organ or any relevant organ for the imposition of disciplinary sanctions.
"Article 104 A fine on an individual shall not exceed Renminbi 1,000 yuan. "
"A fine on a unit shall not be less than Renminbi 1,000 yuan and shall not exceed Renminbi 30,000 yuan."
"The people's court shall deliver detained persons to a public security organ for custody37. The people's court may decide to advance the time of release, if the detainee admits and mends his wrongdoings."
"Article 105 Constrained38 appearance in court, imposition of a fine or detention shall be subject to the approval of the president of the people's court."
A decision in writing shall be made for the imposition of a fine or detention.
"The offender, if dissatisfied with the decision, may apply to a people's court at a higher level for reconsideration which could be granted only once. "
The execution of the decision shall not be suspended during the time of reconsideration.
Article 106 Decision on the adoption40 of compulsory measures against obstruction of proceedings shall be made only by the people's court.
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