亚非法协第54届年会开幕式李克强主旨讲话
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Strengthen Asia-Africa Solidarity1 and Cooperation to Uphold World Peace and Justice
 
– Remarks at the Opening Meeting of the 54th Annual Session of the Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization
 
 H.E. Mr. Li Keqiang, Premier2 of the State Council of the People’s Republicof China
 
Beijing, 13 April 2015
 
Mr. President,
Mr. Secretary-General,
Distinguished3 Delegates and Guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
 
It gives me great pleasure to address the 54th Annual Session of the Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization (AALCO) held in Beijing. This year’s annual session is highly significantas it coincides with the 60th anniversaryof the Bandung Conference. China was an active participant of that meeting and a proponent4 of its principles. Countries in Asia, Africa and the rest of the world have worked together to maintain world peace and promote common development, and are forging a communityof common destiny. Here I wish to express, on behalf of the Chinese government, our warm congratulations on the opening of the meeting and warm welcome to all of you.
 
It has been nearly 60 years since the founding of AALCO. Six decades ago, the Bandung Conference established ten principles governing state-to-state relations, leaving us the invaluable6 legacy7 of solidarity, friendship and cooperation. Set up after the Bandung Conference, AALCO bears witnesstarget=_blank class=infotextkey>witnessto the unyielding and concerted efforts the Asian and African countries have made to secure a fair and equitable8 international order and achieve national development and renewal9. The international communityand China will commemorate10 the 60th anniversaryof the Bandung Conference with a seriesof events which will be attended by Chinese leaders including President Xi Jinping. Our meeting today, as part of the commemoration, demonstrates to the world that China is ready to work with countries in Asia, Africa and beyond to carry forward the Bandung Spirit and uphold the post-war international order and system.
 
In the past six decades, we have fought hard in pursuit of independence, freedom and equality. By waging the heroic anti-imperialist and anti-colonial struggle, we Asian and African countries have won liberation and independence and forged profound friendship through mutual11 support. We will never forget that it was our brothers in Asia and Africa who carried new China into the United Nations. China, on its part, has always stood up for our Asian and African brothers and given sincere help to their just causes. Today, 46 Asian countries and 54 African countries have become member states of the United Nations, making up more than half of the total UN membership. The voice of the Asian and African countries is heeded12 by the entire world.
 
In the past six decades, we have worked tirelessly to achieve development, progress and prosperity. We Asian and African countries have explored development paths suited to our respective national conditions; the rightsto survivaland development of our peoples have never been so respected and protected; and Asia and Africa, two poor continents in the past, are full of vibrancy13 today. Asia is now one of the most dynamic regions in the world, and the African continent is unleashing14 great development potential. In 2014, the combined GDP of Asia and Africa reached US$29 trillion, accounting15 for 37.5% of the global total and representing a 47-foldincrease over that of 1970. Asia and Africa are home to most of the emerging economies. With broad prospects16, Asia-Africa cooperation for development is growing into an important force for global economic growth.
 
In the past six decades, we have worked hard to strengthen the international order and rule of law. We Asian and African countries have boosted the rule of law at home, shared best practices and promoted cooperation on enhancing international rule of law. We jointly18 championed the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, which enriched the basic principles of international law based on the UN Charter. By promoting South-South cooperation, we worked closely to uphold our legitimate19 rightsand interests, and call for respect for the independence, sovereignty and territorial20 integrity of all countries, and played an important role in advancing world peace and development.
 
Ladies and Gentlemen,
 
As a member of the Asia-Africa family, China has come a long way. In the past six decades since the founding of new China, and particularly in the past three decades since reform and opening-up, China has undergone enormous changes, and grown into one of world’s major economies. On the other hand, China remains21 a huge developing country with the world’s largest population. Its per capita GDP is just over US$7,600, lower than the world’s average of US$10,000 and ranking behind the 80th place in the world. There is still imbalance in the development of rural and urban areas and among regions. As you can see, Beijing, Shanghai and some coastal22 cities in Eastern China are quite modern. But many places in Central and Western China are still underdeveloped. According to China’s own standards, more than 70 million Chinese are still living in poverty. China remains the world’s largest developing country, and Asia and Africa are home to the largest number of developing countries in the world. Growing the economyand improving people’s lives is a common task facing China and other countries in Asia and Africa. We will continue to work together to bring development benefits to our peoples.#p#分页标题#e#
 
Ladies and Gentlemen,
 
In today’s world, peace and development remain the call of our times. Win-win cooperation has become the prevailing23 trend, and international rule of law the shared aspiration24 of people. But the world is not yet a peaceful place. Asia and Africa still face many challenges in pursuing economic development, and the legitimate rightsand interests of developing countries are not yet fully25 safeguarded. The world needs peace, Asia and Africa need to move forward, and all countries need development; but none of these goals can be achieved without rule of law and order. Under the new conditions, we Asian and African countries should carry forward the Bandung Spirit and work together to advance world peace, development, equality and justice. With this in mind, we should work on the following areas:
 
First, we should work to make the international political order more just and equitable. This year marks the 70th anniversaryof the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War and the founding of the United Nations. The post-war order has provided the foundation for world peace and development. Countries will live in harmony only if they treat each other with respect and as equals. As the founding member of the UN, China believes that the international system based on sovereignstates must be strengthened and the law of the jungle under which the weak is bullied26 by the strong must be rejected. We Asian and African countries should jointly safeguard the UN-based post-war international order and the sanctity of the UN Charter and stay committed to the fundamental principles of sovereignequality, non-interference in others’ domestic affairs and non-use of force. We Asian and African countries are becoming an important pole in the process of moving towards global multipolarity. As a responsible major country, China is committed to peaceful development. We will continue to work with other Asian and African countries to promote greater democracy and rule of law in international relations and play an active role in maintaining and improving the international order.
 
Second, we need to work for a more open and institutionalized world economy. With economic globalization deepening and countries’ interests converging27, common development can only be realized by pursuing mutual benefit. The international communityshould hold high the banner of free trade, oppose protectionism, refrain from trade wars, observeinternational trade laws and the basic principles of the World Trade Organization, uphold and improve the international financial system and build a more balanced and inclusive global trade regime. At the same time, trade and investment liberalization and facilitation should also be promoted at the regional level to complement28 and reinforce the global system, thus supporting global growth with two wheels. With Asian and African countries both at a crucial stage of industrialization and urbanization and a communityof shared interests emerging, active efforts should be made to carry out South-South and North-South cooperation. It’s just like the dragon boat race during China’s traditional Dragon Boat Festival. Only when everyone rows at top speed and at the same pace can the boat sail fast and steadily29 towards victory. Asian and African countries need to continuously improve the legal environmentfor investment and trade, and be a more proactiveparticipant in the formulation of the rules concerning international economyand trade to secure more institutional rightsfor their own development. China stands ready to work with Asian and African countries to improve existing cooperation platforms and mechanisms30, encourage closer linkages31 and cooperation among industries to draw on each other’s strengths for common development. We stand ready to align32 our “Land and Maritime33 Silk Road” Initiatives with the development plans and needs of countries along the routes so as to bring new opportunities for greater cooperation in Asia and Africa.
 
Third, we need to uphold international and regional peace and stability. Nothing can be achieved without peace and security. Asian and African countries are neighbors connected by mountains and seas. It is all the more important that we are ready to help each other and be good friends. Regional conflicts and historical issues should be resolved peacefully through consultation34 rather than by force. And differences and disagreements should be addressed by understanding and accommodating each other and seeking common ground wherever possible. China has made vigorous efforts to uphold regional peace and stability, and conducted intensive diplomatic activities to facilitate peace talks and peaceful settlement of hotspot issues such as those in South Sudan and the Middle East.
 
On the issue of the South China Sea, China advocates a “dual-track” approach. We believe disputes should be addressed between countries directly concerned through dialogue and consultation and China and ASEAN countries should work together to promote stabilityin the South China Sea. The freedom and safety of navigation in the South China Sea are fully guaranteed. As long as we pursue peace with sincerity35, there will be no problemsor difficulties between us that cannot be overcome. The friendship between Asian and African peoples will only be further deepened and strengthened.#p#分页标题#e#
 
Fourth, we need to work together to meet global non-traditional security challenges. No country can stay immune to challenges such as climate change, terrorism, cybersecurity, pandemicdiseases and natural disasters. Given our vulnerability to such threats, countries in Asia and Africa must come together and coordinate36 our response. On tackling climate change, every country must do its part. We must uphold the principle of common but differentiated37 responsibilities and work for a fair and equitable post-2020 agreementon emission38 reduction. Terrorism is a global scourge39. Whatever its form, it must be dealt with through joint17 efforts. Cyberspace40 is a new frontier for human society. We need to narrow the digital gap and develop an order in cyberspace based on peace, security, openness and cooperation. Epidemics41 respect no borders. All countries have a stake in the prevention and control of such diseases. Financial and medical assistance from China has contributed to the joint fight against recent epidemics such as the Ebola outbreak. China stands ready to continue to provide assistance to African countries most heavily affected43 by the epidemic42 to the best of its ability. China will continue to work with other Asian and African countries to help each other in times of need and together overcome non-traditional security threats and challenges.
 
Fifth, we need to deepen exchanges and cooperation on the