“青年冲击”牛津词典2017年度词汇
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2017-12-18 07:31 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
"Youthquake", "antifa" and "broflake" might have yet to make it into daily vocabulary.
 
“青年冲击”、“反法西斯行动”(极左翼组织)和“玻璃心男”也许尚未成为日常词汇。
 
But according to the Oxford1 Dictionaries, they are the words which will define the year 2017.
 
It has announced "youthquake", referring to the rallying of young people by Jeremy Corbyn's Labour Party during the 2017 General Election, as its word of the year.
 
The word saw a 400 percent increase in usage between 2016 and 2017, and "highlights the increased awareness2 of young people’s capacity to influence, and even drive, political change," it said.
 
Many of the words chosen for the list refer to political turbulence3 and social change.
 
"Antifa", meaning groups united by militant4 opposition5 to fascism made the list, as did "broflake", a man upset by progressive attitudes which conflict with his more conservative views.
 
Another, "Milkshake Duck", is something which "initially6 inspires delight on social media but is soon revealed to have a distasteful or repugnant past".
 
"Kompromat", a Russian word originally based on the English phrase "compromising material", means material used to blackmail7 or manipulate someone for political purposes.
 
Others were more light-hearted. "Gorpcore", meaning the trend for wearing functional8, outdoorsy clothing, also made the list, alongside "unicorn9", referring to the trend for dousing10 anything from lattes to bagels in rainbow colours and glitter.


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1 Oxford Wmmz0a     
n.牛津(英国城市)
参考例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他现在已是牛津大学的化学教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.这是去牛津的路与去伦敦的路的汇合处。
2 awareness 4yWzdW     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
3 turbulence 8m9wZ     
n.喧嚣,狂暴,骚乱,湍流
参考例句:
  • The turbulence caused the plane to turn over.空气的激流导致飞机翻转。
  • The world advances amidst turbulence.世界在动荡中前进。
4 militant 8DZxh     
adj.激进的,好斗的;n.激进分子,斗士
参考例句:
  • Some militant leaders want to merge with white radicals.一些好斗的领导人要和白人中的激进派联合。
  • He is a militant in the movement.他在那次运动中是个激进人物。
5 opposition eIUxU     
n.反对,敌对
参考例句:
  • The party leader is facing opposition in his own backyard.该党领袖在自己的党內遇到了反对。
  • The police tried to break down the prisoner's opposition.警察设法制住了那个囚犯的反抗。
6 initially 273xZ     
adv.最初,开始
参考例句:
  • The ban was initially opposed by the US.这一禁令首先遭到美国的反对。
  • Feathers initially developed from insect scales.羽毛最初由昆虫的翅瓣演化而来。
7 blackmail rRXyl     
n.讹诈,敲诈,勒索,胁迫,恫吓
参考例句:
  • She demanded $1000 blackmail from him.她向他敲诈了1000美元。
  • The journalist used blackmail to make the lawyer give him the documents.记者讹诈那名律师交给他文件。
8 functional 5hMxa     
adj.为实用而设计的,具备功能的,起作用的
参考例句:
  • The telephone was out of order,but is functional now.电话刚才坏了,但现在可以用了。
  • The furniture is not fancy,just functional.这些家具不是摆着好看的,只是为了实用。
9 unicorn Ak7wK     
n.(传说中的)独角兽
参考例句:
  • The unicorn is an imaginary beast.独角兽是幻想出来的动物。
  • I believe unicorn was once living in the world.我相信独角兽曾经生活在这个世界。
10 dousing 89a4b1d7bbc52f6e78862dd850399bd2     
v.浇水在…上( douse的现在分词 );熄灯[火]
参考例句:
  • The other spider took a second dousing before it emerged, still alive. 另外一个蜘蛛在冲刷第二遍时才被发现,是个活蜘蛛。 来自互联网
  • At this point, the specimen can be shattered by dousing it with sterilized warm saline. 此时,可以用浸入温暖的消毒盐水的方法粉碎标本。 来自互联网
TAG标签: Word People Oxford
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