中年人酗酒有损记忆力
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2014-07-31 08:57 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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Problem drinking in middle age doubles the risk of memory loss in later life, research suggests.

研究发现,中年人酗酒会使将来患健忘症的几率加倍。
 
A US study found men and women in their 50s and 60s with a history of alcohol abuse were more likely to have memory problems up to two decades later.
 
The study, in The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry1, adds to growing evidence that excessive drinking can impair2 mental processing later.
 
Researchers say it is a public health issue that needs to be addressed.
 
Scientists questioned 6,500 US middle-aged3 adults about their past alcohol consumption.
 
They were asked three specific questions:
 Had people annoyed them by criticising their drinking?
 Had they ever felt guilty or bad about their drinking?
 Had they ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady nerves or get over a hangover?
 
Those who answered yes to one of these questions were considered to have a problem with alcohol.
 
They had more than double the risk of developing severe memory impairment, the study found.
 
"We know that alcohol is bad for the brain in general, but it's not just how much you drink but how it affects you," lead researcher, Dr Iain Lang, from the University of Exeter Medical School, told the BBC.
 
"The amount that you drink is important - what is also important is if you experience any problems in your drinking or if other people tell you you have a problem."
 
He advised drinking within recommended daily and weekly amounts and to cut down if affected4 by any of the items in the questionnaire, as this could increase dementia risk.


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1 psychiatry g0Jze     
n.精神病学,精神病疗法
参考例句:
  • The study appeared in the Amercian science Journal of Psychiatry.这个研究发表在美国精神病学的杂志上。
  • A physician is someone who specializes in psychiatry.精神病专家是专门从事精神病治疗的人。
2 impair Ia4x2     
v.损害,损伤;削弱,减少
参考例句:
  • Loud noise can impair your hearing.巨大的噪音有损听觉。
  • It can not impair the intellectual vigor of the young.这不能磨灭青年人思想活力。
3 middle-aged UopzSS     
adj.中年的
参考例句:
  • I noticed two middle-aged passengers.我注意到两个中年乘客。
  • The new skin balm was welcome by middle-aged women.这种新护肤香膏受到了中年妇女的欢迎。
4 affected TzUzg0     
adj.不自然的,假装的
参考例句:
  • She showed an affected interest in our subject.她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
  • His manners are affected.他的态度不自然。
TAG标签: alcohol drinking age
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