8个需要注意的社交礼仪细节
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2014-11-05 07:12 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
1. Mobile phone use
 
Debrett's receive more enquiries about mobile use than any other device. According to Debrett's, it is always rude to pay more attention to a phone than a person in the flesh, and they should always be put away when transacting1 other business – for example, when you're paying for something in a shop. They should be switched off in theatres, cinemas (including during the trailers!), art galleries, or any space where silence is desired.

2. Smoking e-cigarettes at work
 
As electronic cigarettes become more popular, so to do the number of enquiries that Debrett's receive on the device. The most pressing question is whether they are acceptable in the workplace. According to Debrett's they should never be used in a work environment. Vaping shows that you're not focused on your work and may also be a distraction2 to your colleagues.
 
3. Social greeting: kissing
 
Many people are clearly unclear on the subject of social kissing. According to Debrett's, kissing is not appropriate in many professional situations. On the whole it should only be used among friends, but not on first meeting. An air kiss, without contact, may seem rude or impersonal3, so very slight contact is best but no sound effects are needed.
 
4. Eating and applying make-up on public transport
 
Debrett's has been inundated4 with enquiries as to whether it's acceptable to eat or apply make-up on public transport. According to Debrett's you should avoid both. It's inconsiderate to eat smelly food in a confined environment, and applying make-up on public transport can jeopardise that all-important first impression and make you appear disorganised.
 
5. Reclining your seat on aeroplanes
 
This is a common bugbear. According to Debrett's, it's selfish to recline your seat back during short daytime flights. When travelling by plane always stay within your own designated space and don't hog5 the armrest. Also avoid kicking the back of the seat in front of you or using it as an aid to standing-up.

6. Giving up your seat on public transport
 
In a recent university experiment only 20 per cent of London tube passengers offered to give up their seat to a visibly pregnant woman. According to Debrett's, passengers should always offer to give up their seat to any individual that is pregnant, elderly, or clearly in need. It is important to remember, however, that it is just as rude to aggressively decline the offer of a seat as it is to not offer a seat.
 
7. Blind copying (bcc)
 
Debrett's receive a high level of enquiries on best business practice. The most commonly asked question is whether it is ever right to blind copy (bcc) someone into an email. According to Debrett's, blind copying should be used discerningly as it is deceptive6 to the primary recipient7. Instead, the email should be forwarded on to the third party, with a short note explaining any confidentiality9, after its distribution.
 
If blind copying is essential - i.e. for a confidential8 document where all recipients10 must remain anonymous11 – then the sender should address the email to themselves, and everyone else as ‘bcc' recipients.

8. Eating before everyone is served
 
The final question is one that we've all asked ourselves: is it rude to start eating at the table before everyone else has been served? According to Debrett's the simple answer is yes, unless the host or hostess gives their permission for diners to start.


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1 transacting afac7d61731e9f3eb8a1e81315515963     
v.办理(业务等)( transact的现在分词 );交易,谈判
参考例句:
  • buyers and sellers transacting business 进行交易的买方和卖方
  • The court was transacting a large volume of judicial business on fairly settled lines. 法院按衡平原则审理大量案件。 来自辞典例句
2 distraction muOz3l     
n.精神涣散,精神不集中,消遣,娱乐
参考例句:
  • Total concentration is required with no distractions.要全神贯注,不能有丝毫分神。
  • Their national distraction is going to the disco.他们的全民消遣就是去蹦迪。
3 impersonal Ck6yp     
adj.无个人感情的,与个人无关的,非人称的
参考例句:
  • Even his children found him strangely distant and impersonal.他的孩子们也认为他跟其他人很疏远,没有人情味。
  • His manner seemed rather stiff and impersonal.他的态度似乎很生硬冷淡。
4 inundated b757ab1facad862c244d283c6bf1f666     
v.淹没( inundate的过去式和过去分词 );(洪水般地)涌来;充满;给予或交予(太多事物)使难以应付
参考例句:
  • We have been inundated with offers of help. 主动援助多得使我们应接不暇。
  • We have been inundated with every bit of information imaginable. 凡是想得到的各种各样的信息潮水般地向我们涌来。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 hog TrYzRg     
n.猪;馋嘴贪吃的人;vt.把…占为己有,独占
参考例句:
  • He is greedy like a hog.他像猪一样贪婪。
  • Drivers who hog the road leave no room for other cars.那些占着路面的驾驶员一点余地都不留给其他车辆。
6 deceptive CnMzO     
adj.骗人的,造成假象的,靠不住的
参考例句:
  • His appearance was deceptive.他的外表带有欺骗性。
  • The storyline is deceptively simple.故事情节看似简单,其实不然。
7 recipient QA8zF     
a.接受的,感受性强的 n.接受者,感受者,容器
参考例句:
  • Please check that you have a valid email certificate for each recipient. 请检查是否对每个接收者都有有效的电子邮件证书。
  • Colombia is the biggest U . S aid recipient in Latin America. 哥伦比亚是美国在拉丁美洲最大的援助对象。
8 confidential MOKzA     
adj.秘(机)密的,表示信任的,担任机密工作的
参考例句:
  • He refused to allow his secretary to handle confidential letters.他不让秘书处理机密文件。
  • We have a confidential exchange of views.我们推心置腹地交换意见。
9 confidentiality 7Y2yc     
n.秘而不宣,保密
参考例句:
  • They signed a confidentiality agreement. 他们签署了一份保守机密的协议。
  • Cryptography is the foundation of supporting authentication, integrality and confidentiality. 而密码学是支持认证、完整性和机密性机制的基础。
10 recipients 972af69bf73f8ad23a446a346a6f0fff     
adj.接受的;受领的;容纳的;愿意接受的n.收件人;接受者;受领者;接受器
参考例句:
  • The recipients of the prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者的姓名登在报上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The recipients of prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者名单登在报上。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
11 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.无名的;匿名的;无特色的
参考例句:
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行为。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公开。
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